VERB (Basic)

Verbs

Any word that denote an action is called verb. verb is also known as doing word.

Verb are two type:-

1. Helping Verbs/ Auxiliary verbs:-

  • Modals

  • Primary Auxiliary Verb

2. Main Verb


Modals:- Do not act as main verb. for eg- can, could, may etc.

Primary Auxiliary Verb :- they can act as both helping verb and main verb. for eg- be, do, have etc.

Note:-

  • 'Need', 'dare' and 'Used to' acts as marginal auxiliary verbs.

  • 'need' and 'dare' act as both main verb and modals.

  • 'used to' acts as both modals and adjective.

Auxiliary verbs:- they are used in addition to others verbs. these are also called helping verbs..

Modal Auxiliary Verbs:- they also known as helping verbs. Can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must and ought to are called Modal Auxiliary Verbs.

  1. You can study English.

  2. We shall go home.

  3. They could not learn Tamil.

  4. I should go.

  5. Will you have a car?

  6. If you worked hard, you would pass.

  7. We must obey our elders.

  8. May I come in?

  9. You might go to home.

  10. Ravi ought to win.

Marginal Auxiliary Verbs:- these modals can acts as main verbs(need, dare, and used to).

(i) You do not dare to go home late.

(ii) They need me.

(iii) I used to play chess when I was young.






USE OF AUXILIARY VERBS


Use of Primary Auxiliary Verbs:-

Use of be:-

  • In present tense 'be' is use as 'is', 'am', and 'are'.

(a) He is reading a letter.

(b) I am doing my homework.

(c) You are my brother.

  • In past tense 'be' is use as 'was', and 'were'.

(a) Hari was running slow.

(b) You were making a noise.

Use of Have :-

  • 'Have' demonstrate possession.

(a) I have a bike.

  • 'Have' is used as a helping verb in perfect and perfect continuous tense.

(a) I have eaten the food.

(b) We have been living in this city since 2000.

  • Have + infinitive denotes forced action.

(a) I have to do this.

  • 'Have' is also used in passive voice.

(a) The boys have been beaten by the teacher.

Use of DO :-

  • In present tense we use 'Do' and 'Does'

(a) She does not dance.

(b) We do not play a match.

  • In past tense we use 'Did'

(a) Did they call you?




Modal Auxiliary Verbs

Use of Can/Could

  • Can denote power, ability and capacity.

(a) I can speak in English.

(b) You can lift this box.

  • Could denotes past ability, power and capacity.

(a) You could not jump.

Use of May, might and Must

  • 'May shows possibility.

(a) It may rain tonight.

(b) This news may be true.

  • 'Might' shows less possibility.

(a) He might go to school.

(b) he said that he might take his pen.

  • 'must' shows greater possibility.

(a) Mr. Sharma must be a good lawyer.

Use of Will/Shall

  • shall is used with 1st person 'I' and 'We' in future tense. all other persons use will.

(a) I shall go to Jhansi tomorrow.

(b) will you go out on picnic?

Use of Would/Should

  • Would is used for past habit

(a) When I was kid I would go to school by bus.

  • Should is used for express suggestion/ advice

(a) You should study Hindi.

(b) You should regards your elders.

Use of Ought to

  • ought to used for moral obligation or duty.

(a) We ought to love our country.

Use of Used to

  • Used to denote past habit/situation

(a) He used to study 11 p.m.

Use of Must

  • Must express duty

(a) A soldier must fight for his country.

Use of Dare/Need

  • Dare shows challenge or courage.

(a) You do not dare to go here.

  • Need express requirements.

(a) You need me.




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